Trinity

Wednesday: Reflection on Trinity Sunday

Hebrew Scripture Lesson from the Writings: Daniel 1

In the third year of the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. The Lord let King Jehoiakim of Judah fall into his power, as well as some of the vessels of the house of God. These he brought to the land of Shinar, and placed the vessels in the treasury of his gods.

Then the king commanded his palace master Ashpenaz to bring some of the Israelites of the royal family and of the nobility, young men without physical defect and handsome, versed in every branch of wisdom, endowed with knowledge and insight, and competent to serve in the king's palace; they were to be taught the literature and language of the Chaldeans. The king assigned them a daily portion of the royal rations of food and wine. They were to be educated for three years, so that at the end of that time they could be stationed in the king's court. Among them were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, from the tribe of Judah. The palace master gave them other names: Daniel he called Belteshazzar, Hananiah he called Shadrach, Mishael he called Meshach, and Azariah he called Abednego.

But Daniel resolved that he would not defile himself with the royal rations of food and wine; so he asked the palace master to allow him not to defile himself. Now God allowed Daniel to receive favor and compassion from the palace master. The palace master said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king; he has appointed your food and your drink. If he should see you in poorer condition than the other young men of your own age, you would endanger my head with the king.” Then Daniel asked the guard whom the palace master had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: “Please test your servants for ten days. Let us be given vegetables to eat and water to drink. You can then compare our appearance with the appearance of the young men who eat the royal rations, and deal with your servants according to what you observe.” So he agreed to this proposal and tested them for ten days. At the end of ten days it was observed that they appeared better and fatter than all the young men who had been eating the royal rations. So the guard continued to withdraw their royal rations and the wine they were to drink, and gave them vegetables. To these four young men God gave knowledge and skill in every aspect of literature and wisdom; Daniel also had insight into all visions and dreams.

At the end of the time that the king had set for them to be brought in, the palace master brought them into the presence of Nebuchadnezzar, and the king spoke with them. And among them all, no one was found to compare with Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; therefore they were stationed in the king's court. In every matter of wisdom and understanding concerning which the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters in his whole kingdom. And Daniel continued there until the first year of King Cyrus.

Psalm 124

If it had not been the Lord who was on our side
 —let Israel now say—
if it had not been the Lord who was on our side,
 when our enemies attacked us,
then they would have swallowed us up alive,
 when their anger was kindled against us;
then the flood would have swept us away,
 the torrent would have gone over us;
then over us would have gone the raging waters.

Blessed be the Lord,
 who has not given us
 as prey to their teeth.
We have escaped like a bird
 from the snare of the fowlers;
the snare is broken,
 and we have escaped.

Our help is in the name of the Lord,
 who made heaven and earth

Luke 1:46b-55

New Testament Gospel Lesson: Luke 1:46b-55

The Magnificat by James Tissot

My soul magnifies the Lord,
 and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,¹

for he has looked with favor on the lowliness of his servant.
 Surely, from now on all generations will call me blessed;
for the Mighty One has done great things for me,
 and holy is his name.
His mercy is for those who fear him
 from generation to generation.
He has shown strength with his arm;
 he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts.
He has brought down the powerful from their thrones,
 and lifted up the lowly;
he has filled the hungry with good things,
 and sent the rich away empty.
He has helped his servant Israel,
 in remembrance of his mercy,
according to the promise he made to our ancestors,
 to Abraham and to his descendants forever.”

¹Hannah expresses the same thought in her song of praise for the birth of Samuel 1 Samuel 2:1-10, the Hebrew Scripture reading for the Visitation of Mary to Elizabeth.

Year C Trinity Wednesday

Bible verses from The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright 1985 by Consultation on Common Texts.

Image credit: The Magnificat by James Tissot, via Wikimedia Commons

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Tuesday: Reflection on Trinity Sunday

Proverbs 8:4-21

“To you, O people, I call,
 and my cry is to all that live.
O simple ones, learn prudence;
 acquire intelligence, you who lack it.
Hear, for I will speak noble things,
 and from my lips will come what is right;
for my mouth will utter truth;
 wickedness is an abomination to my lips.
All the words of my mouth are righteous;
 there is nothing twisted or crooked in them.
They are all straight to one who understands
 and right to those who find knowledge.
Take my instruction instead of silver,
 and knowledge rather than choice gold;
for wisdom is better than jewels,
 and all that you may desire cannot compare with her.
I, wisdom, live with prudence,
 and I attain knowledge and discretion.
The fear of the Lord is hatred of evil.
Pride and arrogance and the way of evil
 and perverted speech I hate.
I have good advice and sound wisdom;
 I have insight, I have strength.
By me kings reign,
 and rulers decree what is just;
by me rulers rule,
 and nobles, all who govern rightly.
I love those who love me,
 and those who seek me diligently find me.
Riches and honor are with me,
 enduring wealth and prosperity.
My fruit is better than gold, even fine gold,
 and my yield than choice silver.
I walk in the way of righteousness,
 along the paths of justice,
endowing with wealth those who love me,
 and filling their treasuries.”

Psalm 124

If it had not been the Lord who was on our side
 —let Israel now say—
if it had not been the Lord who was on our side,
 when our enemies attacked us,
then they would have swallowed us up alive,
 when their anger was kindled against us;
then the flood would have swept us away,
 the torrent would have gone over us;
then over us would have gone the raging waters.

Blessed be the Lord,
 who has not given us
 as prey to their teeth.
We have escaped like a bird
 from the snare of the fowlers;
the snare is broken,
 and we have escaped.

Our help is in the name of the Lord,
 who made heaven and earth

Ephesians 5:15-20

Be careful then how you live, not as unwise people but as wise, making the most of the time, because the days are evil. So do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is. Do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery; but be filled with the Spirit, as you sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs among yourselves, singing and making melody to the Lord in your hearts, giving thanks to God the Father at all times and for everything in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Year C Trinity Tuesday

Bible verses from The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright 1985 by Consultation on Common Texts.

Image credit: Saint Sophia. Colored engraving by F. Huberti, licensed under Creative Commons 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Monday: Reflection on Trinity Sunday

Proverbs 7:1-4

Hildegard of Bingen's vision of Ecclesia and Sophia

My child, keep my words
 and store up my commandments with you;
keep my commandments and live,
 keep my teachings as the apple of your eye;
bind them on your fingers,
 write them on the tablet of your heart.
Say to wisdom, “You are my sister,”
 and call insight your intimate friend.

Psalm 124

If it had not been the Lord who was on our side
 —let Israel now say—
if it had not been the Lord who was on our side,
 when our enemies attacked us,
then they would have swallowed us up alive,
 when their anger was kindled against us;
then the flood would have swept us away,
 the torrent would have gone over us;
then over us would have gone the raging waters.

Blessed be the Lord,
 who has not given us
 as prey to their teeth.
We have escaped like a bird
 from the snare of the fowlers;
the snare is broken,
 and we have escaped.

Our help is in the name of the Lord,
 who made heaven and earth

Ephesians 4:7-16

But each of us was given grace according to the measure of Christ's gift. Therefore it is said,

“When he ascended on high he made captivity itself a captive;
 he gave gifts to his people.”¹

(When it says, “He ascended,” what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower parts of the earth? He who descended is the same one who ascended far above all the heavens, so that he might fill all things.) The gifts he gave were that some would be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, some pastors and teachers, to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ, until all of us come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to maturity, to the measure of the full stature of Christ. We must no longer be children, tossed to and fro and blown about by every wind of doctrine, by people's trickery, by their craftiness in deceitful scheming. But speaking the truth in love, we must grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ, from whom the whole body, joined and knit together by every ligament with which it is equipped, as each part is working properly, promotes the body's growth in building itself up in love.

¹Psalm 68:18

Year C Trinity Monday

Selections are from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings copyright © 1995 by the Consultation on Common Texts.

Unless otherwise indicated, Bible text is from New Revised Standard Version Bible (NRSV) copyright © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Footnotes in the Christian Scriptures that show where a passage from the Hebrew Scripture is used are from The New International Version Bible ® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. When text is taken from the NIV, the passage ends with (NIV) and the foregoing copyright notice applies.

Image credit: Hildegard of Bingen's vision of Ecclesia and Sophia, from a medieval codex. Image from Wikimedia Commons, cropped by Michael Gilbertson using Photoshop on 13 May 2016.

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Trinity Sunday

Trinity-Triangle.png

Proverbs 8:1-4, 22-31

Does not wisdom call,
 and does not understanding raise her voice?
On the heights, beside the way,
 at the crossroads she takes her stand;
beside the gates in front of the town,
 at the entrance of the portals she cries out:
“To you, O people, I call,
 and my cry is to all that live.

God created me at the beginning,
 before any other creation.
Ages ago I was set up,
 at the first, before the beginning of the earth.
When there were no depths I was brought forth,
 when there were no springs abounding with water.
Before the mountains had been shaped,
 before the hills, I was brought forth—
when God had not yet made earth and fields,
 or the world’s first bits of soil.
I was there when the Almighty established the heavens,
  and drew a circle on the face of the deep,
and made firm the skies above,
 established the fountains of the deep,
and assigned to the sea its limit,
 so that the waters might not transgress.
when God marked out the foundations of the earth,
 then I was beside him, like a master worker;
and I was daily God's delight,
 rejoicing to always be in God's presence,
rejoicing in the whole world
 and delighting in the human race. (TLCO)

Psalm 8

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

You have set your glory above the heavens.
 Out of the mouths of babes and infants
you have founded a bulwark because of your foes,
 to silence the enemy and the avenger.
¹

When I look at your heavens,
 the work of your fingers,
 the moon and the stars that you have established;
what are human beings that you are mindful of them,
 mortals that you care for them?

Yet you have made them a little lower than God,
 and crowned them with glory and honor.
You have given them dominion over the works of your hands;
 you have put all things under their feet,
², ³
all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field,
 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea,
 whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

¹Jesus alludes to this passage when he answers the authorities after cleaning the temple (Matthew 21:12-17). ²The bolded passage is quoted in Hebrews 2:5-12, where the author is explaining this psalm.
³Paul refers to “You have given them …under their feet” in 1 Corinthians 15:20-28, where he explains that Jesus has conquered death, and in Ephesians 1:15-23 in a prayer for wisdom and revelation.

New Testament Lesson: Romans 5:1-5

Therefore, since we are justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have obtained access to this grace in which we stand; and we boast in our hope of sharing the glory of God. And not only that, but we also boast in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint us, because God's love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us.

John 16:12-15

[Jesus is speaking at the Last Supper.]

“I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own, but will speak whatever he hears, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. He will glorify me, because he will take what is mine and declare it to you. All that the Father has is mine. For this reason I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you.”

Year C Trinity Sunday

Selections are from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings copyright © 1995 by the Consultation on Common Texts.

Unless otherwise indicated, Bible text is from New Revised Standard Version Bible (NRSV) copyright © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Scriptures ending with (TLCO) are a combination of two or more translations.

Image credit: Image by Philip Barrington, via Pixabay, used under the Creative Commons 0 license.

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Saturday: Preparation for Trinity Sunday

Proverbs 4:1-9

Listen, children, to a father's instruction,
 and be attentive, that you may gain insight;
for I give you good precepts:
do not forsake my teaching.
When I was a son with my father,
 tender, and my mother's favorite,
he taught me, and said to me,
 “Let your heart hold fast my words;
keep my commandments, and live.
Get wisdom; get insight:
 do not forget, nor turn away
from the words of my mouth.
Do not forsake her, and she will keep you;
 love her, and she will guard you.
The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom,
 and whatever else you get, get insight.
Prize her highly, and she will exalt you;
 she will honor you if you embrace her.
She will place on your head a fair garland;
 she will bestow on you a beautiful crown.”

Psalm 8

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

You have set your glory above the heavens.
 Out of the mouths of babes and infants
you have founded a bulwark because of your foes,
 to silence the enemy and the avenger.
¹

When I look at your heavens,
 the work of your fingers,
 the moon and the stars that you have established;
what are human beings that you are mindful of them,
 mortals that you care for them?

Yet you have made them a little lower than God,
 and crowned them with glory and honor.
You have given them dominion over the works of your hands;
 you have put all things under their feet,
², ³
all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field,
 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea,
 whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

¹Jesus alludes to this passage when he answers the authorities after cleaning the temple (Matthew 21:12-17). ²The bolded passage is quoted in Hebrews 2:5-12, where the author is explaining this psalm.
³Paul refers to “You have given them …under their feet” in http://bible.oremus.org/?ql=412927064>1 Corinthians 15:20-28, where he explains that Jesus has conquered death, and in Ephesians 1:15-23 in a prayer for wisdom and revelation.

Luke 2:41-52

Mary and Joseph find Jesus in the temple

Now every year Jesus' parents went to Jerusalem for the festival of the Passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up as usual for the festival. When the festival was ended and they started to return, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but his parents did not know it. Assuming that he was in the group of travelers, they went a day's journey. Then they started to look for him among their relatives and friends. When they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem to search for him. After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. When his parents saw him they were astonished; and his mother said to him, “Child, why have you treated us like this? Look, your father and I have been searching for you in great anxiety.” He said to them, “Why were you searching for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father's house?” But they did not understand what he said to them. Then he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was obedient to them. His mother treasured all these things in her heart.

And Jesus increased in wisdom and in years, and in divine and human favor.

Year C Trinity Saturday

Bible verses from The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright 1985 by Consultation on Common Texts.

Image credit: The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple by William Holman Hunt [public domain] via Wikimedia Commons

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Friday:Preparation for Trinity Sunday

Proverbs 3:19-26

Holy Wisdom

The Lord by wisdom founded the earth;
 by understanding he established the heavens;
by his knowledge the deeps broke open,
 and the clouds drop down the dew.

My child, do not let these escape from your sight:
keep sound wisdom and prudence,
 and they will be life for your soul
and adornment for your neck.
Then you will walk on your way securely
 and your foot will not stumble.
If you sit down, you will not be afraid;
 when you lie down, your sleep will be sweet.
Do not be afraid of sudden panic,
 or of the storm that strikes the wicked;
for the Lord will be your confidence
 and will keep your foot from being caught.

Psalm 8

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

You have set your glory above the heavens.
 Out of the mouths of babes and infants
you have founded a bulwark because of your foes,
 to silence the enemy and the avenger.
¹

When I look at your heavens,
 the work of your fingers,
 the moon and the stars that you have established;
what are human beings that you are mindful of them,
 mortals that you care for them?

Yet you have made them a little lower than God,
 and crowned them with glory and honor.
You have given them dominion over the works of your hands;
 you have put all things under their feet,
², ³
all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field,
 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea,
 whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

¹Jesus alludes to this passage when he answers the authorities after cleaning the temple (Matthew 21:12-17). ²The bolded passage is quoted in Hebrews 2:5-12, where the author is explaining this psalm.
³Paul refers to “You have given them …under their feet” in http://bible.oremus.org/?ql=412927064>1 Corinthians 15:20-28, where he explains that Jesus has conquered death, and in Ephesians 1:15-23 in a prayer for wisdom and revelation.

Ephesians 4:1-6

I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beg you to lead a life worthy of the calling to which you have been called, with all humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another in love, making every effort to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called to the one hope of your calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all.

Year C Trinity Friday

Bible verses from The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright 1985 by Consultation on Common Texts.

Image credit: Icon of Sophia, the Holy Wisdom, and syzygy of Sophia with Jesus Christ by an unknown artist [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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Thursday: Preparation for Trinity Sunday

Proverbs 3:13-18

Wisdom and her daughters

Happy are those who find wisdom,
 and those who get understanding,
for her income is better than silver,
 and her revenue better than gold.
She is more precious than jewels,
 and nothing you desire can compare with her.
Long life is in her right hand;
 in her left hand are riches and honor.
Her ways are ways of pleasantness,
 and all her paths are peace.
She is a tree of life to those who lay hold of her;
 those who hold her fast are called happy.

Psalm 8

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

You have set your glory above the heavens.
 Out of the mouths of babes and infants
you have founded a bulwark because of your foes,
 to silence the enemy and the avenger.
¹

When I look at your heavens,
 the work of your fingers,
 the moon and the stars that you have established;
what are human beings that you are mindful of them,
 mortals that you care for them?

Yet you have made them a little lower than God,
 and crowned them with glory and honor.
You have given them dominion over the works of your hands;
 you have put all things under their feet,
², ³
all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field,
 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea,
 whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

O Lord, our Sovereign,
 how majestic is your name in all the earth!

¹Jesus alludes to this passage when he answers the authorities after cleaning the temple (Matthew 21:12-17). ²The bolded passage is quoted in Hebrews 2:5-12, where the author is explaining this psalm.
³Paul refers to “You have given them …under their feet” in http://bible.oremus.org/?ql=412927064>1 Corinthians 15:20-28, where he explains that Jesus has conquered death, and in Ephesians 1:15-23 in a prayer for wisdom and revelation.

Ephesians 1:17-19

I pray that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom and revelation as you come to know him, so that, with the eyes of your heart enlightened, you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance among the saints, and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power for us who believe, according to the working of his great power.

Year C Trinity Thursday

Bible verses from The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright 1985 by Consultation on Common Texts.

Image credit: Alsace, Bas-Rhin, Eschau, Église romane Saint-Trophime, Détail statue de Sainte-Sophie avec ses trois filles (1470), image by Ralph Hammann (own work), cropped by Michael Gilbertson using Photoshop 13 May 2016. Also “repaired” crack using spot healing brush. GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Wednesday: Reflection on Trinity Sunday

Numbers 6:22-27 God gives Moses the blessing that Aaron is to say over the Israelites.

Mark 4:21-25 Nothing is secret except to come to light.

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