Jacob

Tuesday: Reflection on the Nineteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Roman Catholic Proper 19
Revised Common Lectionary Proper 14

Complementary Hebrew Scripture Lesson from The Writings: 2 Chronicles 34:22-33

There is a parallel passage at 2 Kings 22:8-20, 23:1-3.

[The priest Hilkiah has found the book of the law in the temple as it is being restored. King Josiah has sent to inquire about the book.]

So Hilkiah and those whom the king had sent went to the prophet Huldah, the wife of Shallum son of Tokhath son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe (who lived in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter) and spoke to her to that effect. She declared to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Tell the man who sent you to me, Thus says the Lord: I will indeed bring disaster upon this place and upon its inhabitants, all the curses that are written in the book that was read before the king of Judah. Because they have forsaken me and have made offerings to other gods, so that they have provoked me to anger with all the works of their hands, my wrath will be poured out on this place and will not be quenched. But as to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of the Lord, thus shall you say to him: Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Regarding the words that you have heard, because your heart was penitent and you humbled yourself before God when you heard his words against this place and its inhabitants, and you have humbled yourself before me, and have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you, says the Lord. I will gather you to your ancestors and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace; your eyes shall not see all the disaster that I will bring on this place and its inhabitants.” They took the message back to the king.

Then the king sent word and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. The king went up to the house of the Lord, with all the people of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests and the Levites, all the people both great and small; he read in their hearing all the words of the book of the covenant that had been found in the house of the Lord. The king stood in his place and made a covenant before the Lord, to follow the Lord, keeping his commandments, his decrees, and his statutes, with all his heart and all his soul, to perform the words of the covenant that were written in this book. Then he made all who were present in Jerusalem and in Benjamin pledge themselves to it. And the inhabitants of Jerusalem acted according to the covenant of God, the God of their ancestors. Josiah took away all the abominations from all the territory that belonged to the people of Israel, and made all who were in Israel worship the Lord their God. All his days they did not turn away from following the Lord the God of their ancestors.

Semi-continuous Hebrew Scripture Lesson from the Latter Prophets: Isaiah 24:1-13

Now the Lord is about to lay waste the earth and make it desolate,
 and he will twist its surface and scatter its inhabitants.
And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest;
 as with the slave, so with his master;
 as with the maid, so with her mistress;
as with the buyer, so with the seller;
 as with the lender, so with the borrower;
 as with the creditor, so with the debtor.
The earth shall be utterly laid waste and utterly despoiled;
 for the Lord has spoken this word.

The earth dries up and withers,
 the world languishes and withers;
 the heavens languish together with the earth.
The earth lies polluted
 under its inhabitants;
for they have transgressed laws,
 violated the statutes,
 broken the everlasting covenant.
Therefore a curse devours the earth,
 and its inhabitants suffer for their guilt;
therefore the inhabitants of the earth dwindled,
 and few people are left.
The wine dries up,
 the vine languishes,
 all the merry-hearted sigh.
The mirth of the timbrels is stilled,
 the noise of the jubilant has ceased,
 the mirth of the lyre is stilled.
No longer do they drink wine with singing;
 strong drink is bitter to those who drink it.
The city of chaos is broken down,
 every house is shut up so that no one can enter.
There is an outcry in the streets for lack of wine;
 all joy has reached its eventide;
 the gladness of the earth is banished.
Desolation is left in the city,
 the gates are battered into ruins.
For thus it shall be on the earth
 and among the nations,
as when an olive tree is beaten,
 as at the gleaning when the grape harvest is ended.

Complementary Psalm 89:1-18

I will sing of your steadfast love, O Lord, forever;
 with my mouth I will proclaim your faithfulness to all generations.
I declare that your steadfast love is established forever;
 your faithfulness is as firm as the heavens.

You said, “I have made a covenant with my chosen one,
 I have sworn to my servant David:
‘I will establish your descendants forever,
 and build your throne for all generations.’”
Let the heavens praise your wonders, O Lord,
 your faithfulness in the assembly of the holy ones.
For who in the skies can be compared to the Lord?
 Who among the heavenly beings is like the Lord,
a God feared in the council of the holy ones,
 great and awesome above all that are around him?
O Lord God of hosts,
 who is as mighty as you, O Lord?
 Your faithfulness surrounds you.
You rule the raging of the sea;
 when its waves rise, you still them.
You crushed Rahab like a carcass;
 you scattered your enemies with your mighty arm.
The heavens are yours, the earth also is yours;
 the world and all that is in it—you have founded them.
The north and the south—you created them;
 Tabor and Hermon joyously praise your name.
You have a mighty arm;
 strong is your hand, high your right hand.
Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne;
 steadfast love and faithfulness go before you.

Semi-continuous Psalm 11

In the Lord I take refuge; how can you say to me,
 “Flee like a bird to the mountains;
for look, the wicked bend the bow,
 they have fitted their arrow to the string,
 to shoot in the dark at the upright in heart.
“If the foundations are destroyed,
 what can the righteous do?”

The Lord is in his holy temple;
 the Lord's throne is in heaven.
 His eyes behold, his gaze examines humankind.
The Lord tests the righteous and the wicked,
 and his soul hates the lover of violence.
On the wicked he will rain coals of fire and sulfur;
 a scorching wind shall be the portion of their cup.
For the Lord is righteous;
he loves righteous deeds;
 the upright shall behold his face.

New Testament Epistle Lesson: Hebrews 11:17-28

Heroes of Faith 2

By faith Abraham, when put to the test, offered up Isaac. He who had received the promises was ready to offer up his only son, of whom he had been told, “It is through Isaac that descendants shall be named for you.”¹ He considered the fact that God is able even to raise someone from the dead—and figuratively speaking, he did receive him back. By faith Isaac invoked blessings for the future on Jacob and Esau. By faith Jacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, “bowing in worship over the top of his staff.” By faith Joseph, at the end of his life, made mention of the exodus of the Israelites and gave instructions about his burial. By faith Moses was hidden by his parents for three months after his birth, because they saw that the child was beautiful; and they were not afraid of the king's edict.

By faith Moses, when he was grown up, refused to be called a son of Pharaoh's daughter, choosing rather to share ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. He considered abuse suffered for the Christ to be greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking ahead to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, unafraid of the king's anger; for he persevered as though he saw him who is invisible. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel.

¹Genesis 21:12

Year C Ordinary 19, Roman Catholic Proper 19, RCL Proper 14, Tuesday

Selections are from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings copyright © 1995 by the Consultation on Common Texts.

Unless otherwise indicated, Bible text is from New Revised Standard Version Bible (NRSV) copyright © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Image Credit: Heroes of Faith 2 constructed by Michael Gilbertson from elements in Heroes of Faith 2 and Heroes of Faith 3 with permission from Mark Barry. Copyright © 2014 Mark Barry. See more of Mark's terrific work in English, Spanish, simplified Chinese, and Indonesian at visualunit.me.

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Friday: Preparation for the Fifteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Revised Common Lectionary Proper 10
Roman Catholic Proper 15

Complementary Hebrew Scripture: Genesis 41:37-49

The proposal pleased Pharaoh and all his servants. Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find anyone else like this—one in whom is the spirit of God?” So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has shown you all this, there is no one so discerning and wise as you. You shall be over my house, and all my people shall order themselves as you command; only with regard to the throne will I be greater than you.” And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” Removing his signet ring from his hand, Pharaoh put it on Joseph's hand; he arrayed him in garments of fine linen, and put a gold chain around his neck. He had him ride in the chariot of his second-in-command; and they cried out in front of him, “Bow the knee!” Thus he set him over all the land of Egypt. Moreover Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no one shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, as his wife. Thus Joseph gained authority over the land of Egypt.

Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went through all the land of Egypt. During the seven plenteous years the earth produced abundantly. He gathered up all the food of the seven years when there was plenty in the land of Egypt, and stored up food in the cities; he stored up in every city the food from the fields around it. So Joseph stored up grain in such abundance—like the sand of the sea—that he stopped measuring it; it was beyond measure.

Semi-continuous Hebrew Scripture from The Twelve Prophets: Amos 2:4-11

Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Judah,
 and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;
because they have rejected the law of the Lord,
 and have not kept his statutes,
but they have been led astray by the same lies
 after which their ancestors walked.
So I will send a fire on Judah,
 and it shall devour the strongholds of Jerusalem.

Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Israel,
 and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;
because they sell the righteous for silver,
 and the needy for a pair of sandals—
they who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth,
 and push the afflicted out of the way;
father and son go in to the same girl,
 so that my holy name is profaned;
they lay themselves down beside every altar
 on garments taken in pledge;
and in the house of their God they drink
 wine bought with fines they imposed.

Yet I destroyed the Amorite before them,
 whose height was like the height of cedars,
 and who was as strong as oaks;
I destroyed his fruit above,
 and his roots beneath.
Also I brought you up out of the land of Egypt,
 and led you forty years in the wilderness,
 to possess the land of the Amorite.
And I raised up some of your children to be prophets
 and some of your youths to be nazirites.
 Is it not indeed so, O people of Israel?
   says the Lord.

Complementary Psalm 25:1-10

To you, O Lord, I lift up my soul.
O my God, in you I trust;
 do not let me be put to shame;
 do not let my enemies exult over me.
Do not let those who wait for you be put to shame;
 let them be ashamed who are wantonly treacherous.

Make me to know your ways, O Lord;
 teach me your paths.
Lead me in your truth, and teach me,
 for you are the God of my salvation;
 for you I wait all day long.

Be mindful of your mercy, O Lord, and of your steadfast love,
 for they have been from of old.
Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions;
 according to your steadfast love remember me,
 for your goodness' sake, O Lord!

Good and upright is the Lord;
 therefore he instructs sinners in the way.
He leads the humble in what is right,
 and teaches the humble his way.
All the paths of the Lord are steadfast love and faithfulness,
 for those who keep his covenant and his decrees.

Semi-continuous Psalm 82

God has taken his place in the divine council;
 in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:
“How long will you judge unjustly
 and show partiality to the wicked?
Give justice to the weak and the orphan;
 maintain the right of the lowly and the destitute.
Rescue the weak and the needy;
 deliver them from the hand of the wicked.”

They have neither knowledge nor understanding,
 they walk around in darkness;
 all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

I say, “You are gods,
 children of the Most High, all of you;
nevertheless, you shall die like mortals,
 and fall like any prince.”
¹

Rise up, O God, judge the earth;
 for all the nations belong to you!

¹Jesus quotes the first part of this verse in response to those who plan to stone him. The episode is in John 10:22-39.

New Testament Lesson: Acts 7:9-16

[This is part of Stephen's defense before the Sanhedrin; the entire defense is in Acts 7:1-53.]

“The patriarchs, jealous of Joseph, sold him into Egypt; but God was with him, and rescued him from all his afflictions, and enabled him to win favor and to show wisdom when he stood before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who appointed him ruler over Egypt and over all his household. Now there came a famine throughout Egypt and Canaan, and great suffering, and our ancestors could find no food. But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent our ancestors there on their first visit. On the second visit Joseph made himself known to his brothers, and Joseph's family became known to Pharaoh. Then Joseph sent and invited his father Jacob and all his relatives to come to him, seventy-five in all; so Jacob went down to Egypt. He himself died there as well as our ancestors, and their bodies were brought back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem.”

Year C RCL Proper 10, Catholic Proper 15, Ordinary 15 Friday

Bible verses from The New Revised Standard Version, copyright 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings, copyright 1985 by Consultation on Common Texts.

Image Credit: Gustave Doré [Public domain] Jacob Goes to Egypt, from Doré's English Bible. via Wikimedia Commons

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Friday: Preparation for the Thirty-fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time

This week's blog post is here. It has a review of The Complete Jewish Bible (which has both testaments), and some perspective on what often seems like John the Evangelist's anti-Semitism.

More information about the complementary and semi-continuous series is here: Which Series?

Complementary Hebrew Scripture from The Latter Prophets: Ezekiel 28:20-26

The word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, set your face toward Sidon, and prophesy against it, and say, Thus says the Lord God:

I am against you, O Sidon,
 and I will gain glory in your midst.
They shall know that I am the Lord
 when I execute judgments in it,
 and manifest my holiness in it;
for I will send pestilence into it,
 and bloodshed into its streets;
and the dead shall fall in its midst,
 by the sword that is against it on every side.
And they shall know that I am the Lord.

The house of Israel shall no longer find a pricking brier or a piercing thorn among all their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord God.

Thus says the Lord God: When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and manifest my holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they shall settle on their own soil that I gave to my servant Jacob. They shall live in safety in it, and shall build houses and plant vineyards. They shall live in safety, when I execute judgments upon all their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God.  

Semi-continuous Hebrew Scripture from The Former Prophets: 2 Kings 22:11-20

There is a parallel passage at 2 Chronicles 34:19-28.

When the king heard the words of the book of the law, he tore his clothes. Then the king commanded the priest Hilkiah, Ahikam son of Shaphan, Achbor son of Micaiah, Shaphan the secretary, and the king's servant Asaiah, saying, “Go, inquire of the Lord for me, for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that has been found; for great is the wrath of the Lord that is kindled against us, because our ancestors did not obey the words of this book, to do according to all that is written concerning us.”

So the priest Hilkiah, Ahikam, Achbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah went to the prophetess Huldah the wife of Shallum son of Tikvah, son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; she resided in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter, where they consulted her. She declared to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Tell the man who sent you to me, Thus says the Lord, I will indeed bring disaster on this place and on its inhabitants—all the words of the book that the king of Judah has read. Because they have abandoned me and have made offerings to other gods, so that they have provoked me to anger with all the work of their hands, therefore my wrath will be kindled against this place, and it will not be quenched. But as to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of the Lord, thus shall you say to him, Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Regarding the words that you have heard, because your heart was penitent, and you humbled yourself before the Lord, when you heard how I spoke against this place, and against its inhabitants, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and because you have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you, says the Lord. Therefore, I will gather you to your ancestors, and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace; your eyes shall not see all the disaster that I will bring on this place.” They took the message back to the king.

Complementary Psalm 93

The Lord is king,he is robed in majesty;
 the Lord is robed,
 he is girded with strength. He has established the world; it shall never be moved;
 your throne is established from of old;
 you are from everlasting.

The floods have lifted up, O Lord,
 the floods have lifted up their voice;
 the floods lift up their roaring.
More majestic than the thunders of mighty waters,
 more majestic than the waves of the sea,
 majestic on high is the Lord!

Your decrees are very sure;
 holiness befits your house,
 O Lord, forevermore.

Semi-continuous Psalm 132

O Lord, remember in David's favor
 all the hardships he endured;
how he swore to the Lord
 and vowed to the Mighty One of Jacob,
“I will not enter my house
 or get into my bed;
I will not give sleep to my eyes
 or slumber to my eyelids,
until I find a place for the Lord,
 a dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob.”

We heard of it in Ephrathah;
 we found it in the fields of Jaar.
“Let us go to his dwelling place;
 let us worship at his footstool.”

Rise up, O Lord, and go to your resting place,
 you and the ark of your might.
Let your priests be clothed with righteousness,
 and let your faithful shout for joy.
For your servant David's sake
 do not turn away the face of your anointed one.

The Lord swore to David a sure oath
 from which he will not turn back:
“One of the sons of your body
 I will set on your throne.
If your sons keep my covenant
 and my decrees that I shall teach them,
their sons also, forevermore,
 shall sit on your throne.”

For the Lord has chosen Zion;
 he has desired it for his habitation:
“This is my resting place forever;
 here I will reside, for I have desired it.
I will abundantly bless its provisions;
 I will satisfy its poor with bread.
Its priests I will clothe with salvation,
 and its faithful will shout for joy.
There I will cause a horn to sprout up for David;
 I have prepared a lamp for my anointed one.
His enemies I will clothe with disgrace,
 but on him, his crown will gleam.”

New Testament Epistle Lesson: 1 Corinthians 15:20-28

The Resurrection of the Dead

But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have died. For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead has also come through a human being; for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ. But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ. Then comes the end, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father, after he has destroyed every ruler and every authority and power. For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For “God has put all things in subjection under his feet.”¹ But when it says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is plain that this does not include the one who put all things in subjection under him. When all things are subjected to him, then the Son himself will also be subjected to the one who put all things in subjection under him, so that God may be all in all.

¹Psalm 8:6

Year B Ordinary 34 Friday

Selections from Revised Common Lectionary Daily Readings copyright © 1995 by the Consultation on Common Texts.

Unless otherwise indicated, Bible text is from Holy Bible New Revised Standard Version with the Apocryphal / Deuterocanonical Books (NRSV) copyright © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All right reserved.

Parallel passages are as indicated in Modern English Version (MEV), copyright © 2014 by Military Bible Association. Used by permission. All rights reserved. When text is taken from the MEV, the passage ends with (MEV) and the foregoing copyright notice applies.

Footnotes in the Christian Scriptures that show where a passage from the Hebrew Scripture is used are from The The Holy Bible: New International Version ® (NIV®), copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. When text is taken from the NIV, the passage ends with (NIV) and the foregoing copyright notice applies.

Note: The links in the titles above take you to Amazon, where you can purchase them and benefit The Lectionary Company.


Image credit: The Resurrection of the Dead by Victor Mottez, via Wikimedia.org.

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Thursday: Preparation for the Twenty-fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Complementary Joshua 2:1-14b Rahab, a prostitute, shelters Joshua’s spies.

Semi-continuous Proverbs 15:1-17 The tongue of the wise dispenses knowledge, but the mouths of fools pour out folly.

Both Hebrews 11:17-22 The faith of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph

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Tuesday: Reflection on the Twentieth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Complementary Genesis 45:1-15 Joseph provides food.

Semi-continuous 1 Kings 7:1-12 The building of Solomon’s palace.

Both Acts 7:9-16 Stephen summarizes Joseph’s story.

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Saturday: Preparation for the Ninth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Complementary Leviticus 24:5-9 Every Sabbath, twelve loaves of bread are to be offered to God.

Semi-continuous 1 Samuel 2:1-10 Hannah’s prayer on the birth of Samuel

Both John 7:19-24 It is right to heal on the Sabbath. Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment.

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Friday: Preparation for the Ninth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Complementary Leviticus 23:2-8 The Sabbath, Passover, and unleavened bread to be eaten for seven days.

Semi-continuous 1 Samuel 1:19-27 Samuel’s birth and dedication.

Both Romans 8:31-39 Neither death, nor life, nor anything else in all creation can separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus.

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Friday: Preparation for Trinity Sunday

Isaiah 2:1-5 A vision of Jerusalem as it should be: a city of peace, equity, and divine presence.

Romans 8:9-11 The Spirit in you is life because of righteousness.

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